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  • Stateless Persons
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Number of results found: 1196

Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

Mozambique

21. Taking note of target 16.9 of the Sustainable Development Goals, the Committee urges the State party: (a) To continue efforts to promote the timely registration of births, including through the introduction of registration facilities in all health-care centres, of mobile registration...

21. Taking note of target 16.9 of the Sustainable Development Goals, the Committee urges the State party:

(a) To continue efforts to promote the timely registration of births, including through the introduction of registration facilities in all health-care centres, of mobile registration units in rural and remote areas and of administrative measures to ensure retroactive birth registration and the issuance of documents for children who are not registered;

(b) To abolish all birth registration fees and ensure that all children, including children of unmarried parents, are properly registered at birth, including by raising awareness among the population to eliminate the stigmatization faced by children of unmarried parents and their mothers;

(c) To intensify its efforts to raise awareness among the general public, and among mothers and pregnant women in particular, of the importance of birth registration, including through community health programmes and campaigns in health-care centres;

(d) To take measures to determine the number of stateless children in the State party and, for example, the kinds of children who are stateless, why they are stateless and what legislation and policies prevent them from acquiring a nationality. 

Stateless Persons - Other Birth registration Data Collection/Monitoring/Reporting Awareness raising/Capacity building/Training
Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)

Andorra

  42. In line with its general recommendation No. 32 (2014) on the gender-related dimensions of refugee status, asylum, nationality and statelessness of women, the Committee recommends that the State party accede to the following treaties: the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of...

 

42. In line with its general recommendation No. 32 (2014) on the gender-related dimensions of refugee status, asylum, nationality and statelessness of women, the Committee recommends that the State party accede to the following treaties: the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and the 1967 Protocol thereto the 1954 Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons and the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness. The Committee also recommends that the State party adopt national asylum legislation.

International Instruments Legislative/Judicial/Administrative action
Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)

Bosnia and Herzegovina

32. The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Ensure that appropriate human, technical and financial resources are allocated for the provision of free legal aid to women and girls belonging to disadvantaged groups, including migrant women, throughout the State party to enable them...

32. The Committee recommends that the State party:

(a) Ensure that appropriate human, technical and financial resources are allocated for the provision of free legal aid to women and girls belonging to disadvantaged groups, including migrant women, throughout the State party to enable them to have access to birth registration;

(b) Facilitate the birth registration procedures, including by providing for free online birth registration of all children born in the territory of the State party.

Born on territory Birth registration
Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)

Kazakhstan

34. The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Revise the Code on Marriage and Family and relevant regulations to ensure that all children are registered at birth and are provided with birth registration certificates, regardless of their parents’ legal status or nationality; (b)...

34. The Committee recommends that the State party:
(a) Revise the Code on Marriage and Family and relevant regulations to ensure that all children are registered at birth and are provided with birth registration certificates, regardless of their parents’ legal status or nationality;
(b) Review the law on citizenship and other relevant laws and regulations to allow for women to reacquire their nationality in cases of dissolution or non-occurrence of marriage and to lift the requirements of economic self-sufficiency or property ownership to acquire or reacquire nationality;
(c) Provide safeguards against the arbitrary deprivation of nationality with a view to preventing statelessness, including the right to lodge an appeal with suspensive effect and the availability of effective remedies, which should include the possibility of restoring nationality.

47. The Committee is concerned about reports that women with disabilities, lesbian, bisexual and transgender women and intersex persons, refugee women, asylum-seeking women, stateless women and women with undetermined citizenship continue to experience multiple and intersecting forms of discrimination.

48. The Committee recommends that the State party:

(c) With regard to asylum-seeking women, refugee women, stateless women and women with undetermined nationality:
(i) Provide asylum-seeking women, refugee women, stateless women and women with undetermined nationality, including those temporarily residing in the State party, with health insurance and basic health services, including prenatal and postnatal care, and ensure that they have access to employment, education and the registration of civil acts;

(iii) Accelerate the regularization of stateless women and women with undetermined nationality and their children;
(iv) Ensure the collection of data, disaggregated by age and gender, on stateless persons and persons with undetermined nationality;

(v) Accede to the 1954 Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons and the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness.

Protection/Enjoyment of rights Remedy/Reparation Loss/Deprivation Access to nationality/Naturalization Birth registration Gender International Instruments Data Collection/Monitoring/Reporting Legislative/Judicial/Administrative action
Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)

Lithuania

33. Reiterating its previous recommendation (CEDAW/C/LTU/CO/5, para. 31), the Committee encourages the State party to amend its national legislation to provide for the automatic granting of nationality to all children born in Lithuania, including Roma children, who would otherwise be...

33. Reiterating its previous recommendation (CEDAW/C/LTU/CO/5, para. 31), the Committee encourages the State party to amend its national legislation to provide for the automatic granting of nationality to all children born in Lithuania, including Roma children, who would otherwise be stateless, and to bring its national citizenship legislation into line with the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness. The Committee recommends that the State party ensure that Women’s right to nationality is not affected in any way by the gender neutrality of the nationality legislation through, in particular, the provision of gender sensitivity and gender-equality training to all officials working on this issue.

 

Born on territory Gender Race/Ethnicity Legislative/Judicial/Administrative action
Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)

Cambodia

33. (a). Ensure access to Cambodian nationality for all ethnic minority women who meet the conditions for acquiring nationality, particularly women of Vietnamese origin and Khmer Krom women, and ensure that they have access to education, employment, health care and housing. (b). Facilitate...

33. (a). Ensure access to Cambodian nationality for all ethnic minority women who meet the conditions for acquiring nationality, particularly women of Vietnamese origin and Khmer Krom women, and ensure that they have access to education, employment, health care and housing.

(b). Facilitate access to identity documentation and birth registration and certificates by stateless women and their children and ensure that government officials do not confiscate documents during the process of registration;

(c).  Ratify the Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons and the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness.

Lack of documents/Access to documentation Access to nationality/Naturalization Birth registration Gender Race/Ethnicity International Instruments Implementing measures - Other
Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)

Iraq

28. The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Amend the discriminatory provisions of article 4 of Act No. 26 of 2006 on nationality, in order to ensure that women and men enjoy equal rights to acquire, transfer, retain and change their nationality, in line with article 9 of the...

28. The Committee recommends that the State party:
(a) Amend the discriminatory provisions of article 4 of Act No. 26 of 2006 on nationality, in order to ensure that women and men enjoy equal rights to acquire, transfer, retain and change their nationality, in line with article 9 of the Convention.

(b) Accelerate efforts to facilitate birth registration, including through the use of modern technology to simplify and ensure affordable birth registration procedures.

40. In line with its general recommendation No. 32 (2014) on the gender-related dimensions of refugee status, asylum, nationality and statelessness of women and general recommendation No. 30 (2013) on women in conflict prevention, conflict and post-conflict situations, the Committee recommends that the State party:

(d) Accede to the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and the 1967 Protocol thereto and the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness, and amend its national legislation accordingly in order to strengthen the protection of refugee, asylum-seeking and stateless women and girls

Birth registration Gender International Instruments Legislative/Judicial/Administrative action
Committee on Migrant Workers (CMW)

Bosnia and Herzegovina

45. The Committee welcomes the measures taken by the State party, including those provided with the technical assistance of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, to significantly increase birth registration and the issuance of identity documents and reduce the risk...

45. The Committee welcomes the measures taken by the State party, including those provided with the technical assistance of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, to significantly increase birth registration and the issuance of identity documents and reduce the risk of statelessness of migrant workers and members of their families, as well as the Roma community. The Committee is, however, concerned about the remaining obstacles in legislation at federation, Entity and district levels to ensure universal birth registration, and that laws on free legal aid at the municipal level do not cover members of the Roma community in this regard.

46. In the light of joint general comments No. 3 and No. 4/No. 22 and No. 23, and reiterating its previous recommendations (CMW/C/BIH/CO/2, para. 36), the Committee recommends that the State party:

(a) Take all legislative and practical measures necessary, including amendments to the laws on free legal aid at the municipal level, to ensure that the children of migrant workers and members of their families, including Roma children and children born to migrant workers in an irregular situation, are registered at birth and issued with personal identity documents, in accordance with target 16.9 of the Sustainable Development Goals;

(b) Continue to raise awareness of the importance of birth registration among the Roma community and migrant workers and members of their families, including by seeking technical assistance from the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.

65. The Committee requests the State party to provide, within two years (that is, by 1 October 2021), written information on the implementation of the recommendations contained in paragraph 34, on due process, detention and equality before the courts; paragraph 36, on expulsion; paragraph 46, on birth registration and nationality; and paragraph 62, on trafficking in persons, smuggling of migrants and irregular migration.

(Forced) migration context Nationality/Identity documentation Birth registration Race/Ethnicity
Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

Australia

23. Taking note of target 16.9 of the Sustainable Development Goals, the Committee urges the State party: (a) To ensure that all children, in particular Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children, children living in remote areas and children in child protection services, are registered...

23. Taking note of target 16.9 of the Sustainable Development Goals, the Committee urges the State party:

(a) To ensure that all children, in particular Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children, children living in remote areas and children in child protection services, are registered at birth and receive free birth certificates;

(b) To revoke the December 2015 amendments to the Citizenship Act that allow for children under 18 years of age to lose their Australian citizenship if they engage in or are convicted of certain foreign fighting or terrorism-related conduct;

(c) To ensure that children born through international surrogacy arrangements can obtain Australian nationality through a clear process and rules applied uniformly throughout the country. 

Loss/Deprivation Adoption/Surrogacy Birth registration Race/Ethnicity
Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

South Korea

43. The Committee welcomes the adoption of the Refugee Act in 2012. With reference to joint general comments No. 3 and No. 4 (2017) of the Committee on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families/No. 22 and No. 23 (2017) of the Committee on the Rights of...

43. The Committee welcomes the adoption of the Refugee Act in 2012. With reference to joint general comments No. 3 and No. 4 (2017) of the Committee on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families/No. 22 and No. 23 (2017) of the Committee on the Rights of the Child on the human rights of children in the context of international migration, the Committee urges the State party:

(a) To prohibit the immigration detention of children, including by revising the Immigration Control Act, ensure non-custodial solutions and keep the best interests of the child as a primary consideration in asylum and family reunification matters;

(b) To develop status determination procedures for refugee and stateless children, regulate the status of long-term resident migrant children and strengthen training on the rights of asylum-seeking, refugee and migrant children, including undocumented children;

(c) To remove all barriers, both legislative and practical, to ensure that all asylum-seeking, refugee and migrant children, including unaccompanied children and those with disabilities, have access to birth registration, childcare, education and related services, mental and physical health-care services, health insurance, financial and housing support, leisure, protection and support services in case of abuse on an equal basis with children who are nationals of the Republic of Korea; 

17. Taking note of target 10.3 of the Sustainable Development Goals on ensuring equal opportunity and reducing inequalities of outcome, including by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and action in this regard, the Committee urges the State party to expeditiously adopt anti-discrimination legislation and ensure that such legislation prohibits discrimination based on origin, sexual orientation and gender identity. It also recommends that the State party:

(a) Enact a comprehensive anti-discrimination law and strategy and conduct public campaigns to eliminate and prevent discrimination against children in vulnerable and disadvantaged situations;

(b) Ensure that all children within its territory are equally able to be registered at birth and have access to childcare facilities, education, health care, welfare, leisure and State support; 

22. The Committee welcomes the establishment of the online birth registration and notification systems. Taking note of target 16.9 of the Sustainable Development Goals on providing legal identity for all, including birth registration, the Committee urges the State party:

(a) To ensure that birth registration, including online, is universal and available to all children regardless of their parents’ legal status or origins;

(b) To simplify the procedures for single fathers to register their children, in order to ensure that all children are registered at birth;

(c) To take all measures necessary to identify unregistered births, including by establishing monitoring mechanisms;

(d) To conduct awareness-raising campaigns on the importance of birth registration. 

Identification and determination procedures Birth registration Legislative/Judicial/Administrative action